Charlotte Gyllenhammar works primarily with sculpture, photography, video, and installation, although her artistic career began with painting. The breakthrough came in 1993 when Gyllenhammar hung a 120-year-old oak tree upside-down on Drottninggatan in Stockholm. The themes touched upon by the early works, such as vulnerability, rootlessness, control, and conflict, still return in her artistry. Several of her sculptures can be found in the public sphere.
Gyllenhammar was educated at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Stockholm and the Royal College of Art in London, with a degree from the latter in 1991. Today she is considered one of Sweden's foremost artists and her works have been included in the collections of, among others, the Moderna Museet in Stockholm, Kiasma of Helsinki, the National Museum of Women in The Arts, Washington, and Power Station of Art, Shanghai.